Mitzi Ilagan | Fotograpiya.com

No matter what kind of photography you are into, everything begins¬†with the basics. Here are some tips and techniques that every photographer should know, especially when you’re a beginner.

  1. When shooting portraits, make sure that the eyes really make it as the center of attraction because most viewers usually notice it first.
  2. Use the Aperture Priority mode so that you could control the depth of field (DOF).
  3. If you do not have much equipment, use natural light coming from the window. All you need to figure out is the position of your subject to be able to create the best out of the light.
  4. When creating baby portraits, avoid using flash because it may scare them. Instead, use natural light or shoot outdoors and use a reflector.
  5. When shooting children or group photos, use the burst mode. Whether they are all moving, you may capture the best photo where they are all still or where their eyes are all open when in burst mode.
  6. For family portraits, it’s best to emphasize the patriarch, matriarch or the newest member of the family, especially when it’s a big group.
  7. When shooting outdoors, using polarizer filters would help remove reflections from water and shiny surfaces and would increase contrast of the skies.
  8. Using the rule of thirds would help in creating a balanced frame, wherein you have to divide the scene into three parts (grid), either horizontally or vertically, and then putting the subject into one of the parts (usually on the left or right side). This is a basic photography technique that you should remember, even when you’re using a smartphone to shoot.
  9. If you’re opting for black and white photos, try shooting and then edit it after so as to have full control over its color conversion.
  10. When you’re out for street photography, try immersing into the crowd rather than looking for unusual corners. Sometimes, where there’s more people, there’s more essence.
  11. In general, using a tripod is really a must, especially when shooting with long exposure. Using this technique would help in avoiding shaky shots or may help attain more straight photos.
  12. When trying to take candid photos, do it in discretion or do it casually because some people do not agree with this thing, especially if you’re out in public. Make sure that you let them know after, not before, so that they wouldn’t smile or look as if it was staged.
  13. For light painting, use a flashgun or torch to be able to “paint”. Check your histogram to be able to get the perfect setting for the exposure.
  14. Post-processing is a great way to enhance your photos, but don’t overdo it. You may use apps like Photoshop or Lightroom for both basic and complex enhancements.
  15. Take note: Low ISO means less sensitivity and less noise. High ISO will mean a higher sensitivity and more noise to the photo.